PGO Website, Reference Papers –
This collection of selected references account for about 5% of the referenced material read in the inceptive phases of
the evolution of the suppositions that are the basis for the disciplined studies being conducted at Loughborough
University. If there are papers which have been omitted and the searcher/reader wishes them added to the
bibliography, they may be emailed to info@pgocclusion and all due consideration will be given to their addition.
We recognize that, while this is an old subject of much debate, it is an ever evolving area of study with ever more
sophisticated instrumentation. It is readily apparent that there is not an existing, adequate answer that describes the
function of the human dental/occlusal system. However, we believe the work represented in this integrated effort is
well disciplined, objective and as free of prejudice and bias as possible.
Thank you for your interest.
C.) Science Fact; The Houston Chronicle, Feb. 01, 2005
D.) Australian Dental Journal, 1998;43:5, pp 362 – 366
E.) Yearbook of Physical Anthropology 46:47-61 2003
2. Bone Physiology
A.) Orthopaedic Research Lab, Montreal, OQ, Canada, Victoria Hosp.
B.) J Musculoskel Neuron Interact 2002: 2(3) 277-280
3. EMG Studies
G.) Williamson and Lundquist
H.) Steph Forrester,
The Validity of Different Occlusal Indicators. Steph Forrester, Matt Pain, Andy Toy, Ron
4. Evidence Based Dentistry
It’s My Opinion: The Use of Electronic Devices in the Diagnosis and Treatment of
Temporomandibular Disorders, Lund , Lavigne, Feine, Goulet, Chaytor, Sessle, Zarb,
Greenwood, Hannam, Wood and Brooke, The Journal, September 1989; 55:9; pp – 749 - 750.
Effect of bilateral asymmetric tooth clenching on load distribution at the mandibular
condyles, Tom W P Korioth, BOd, Cir Dent, PhD and Alan G. Hannam, BDS, PhD, FDS, RCS
JPD, July 1990; 64:1, pp 62 - 73.
6. Muscle Physiology
Proprioception, Parker E. Mahan, DDS PhD, Portion of text “Clinical Dentistry” 1981, pp 7 –
12; Harper and Row; James W Clark, DDS, Ed.
7. Neuronal Pain
8. Posterior Guided Appliances (PGA)
9. Don Smith -
11. References and notes - Ron Presswood, DDS
A.) Publication bibliography, all sources.
B.) Tooth Wear Index - Melvin Moss
C.) Tooth Wear Index - Mahan, Gibbs, Lundeen, Danenberg
D.) Tooth Wear Index - General Occlusion
E.) Tooth Wear Index - Ramfjord and Ash
F.) Tooth Wear Index - Spee
G.) Tooth Wear Index - Stallard, Stuart
12. Discovery Path - A dairy of the major steps taken on this path of research and study. An
acknowledgement of the many efforts and contributions so generously given and shared.
Path of Discovery
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